From Genes to Weaning
Dairy calves represent the future herd but rearing them to be top performers can sometimes be challenging. Our website provides a source of information to dairy farmers, veterinarians, advisors and calf caretakers knowledge and tips on current calf care topics to promote health. Our site provides traditional factsheets, video courses in English and Spanish, as well as links for science-based ways to approach calf care.
(click the + icons to expand the sections below):
- For more information on genomics visit our research page at http://vetextension.wsu.edu/research-projects/dairygenomics/
- Genomics and the Pre-weaned Dairy Calf By Dale Moore, Joe Dalton, Albert DeVries (Spotlight Dec 2017)
- Colostrum Quality & Management
Besser, T., Garmedia, A., McGuire, T., & Gay, C. 1985. Effect of Colostral Immunoglobulin G1 and Immunoglobulin M Concentrations on Immunoglobulin Absorption in Calves. Journal of Dairy Science., 68(8), 2033-2037.
- ACB Berge, TE Besser, DA Moore, WM Sischo. 2009. Evaluation of the effects of oral colostrum supplementation during the first fourteen days on the health and performance of preweaned calves. Journal of Dairy Science, 92(1), 286-295.
- D.M. Short, D.A. Moore, and W.M. Sischo. 2016. A Randomized Clinical Trial Evaluating the Effects of Oligosaccharides on Transfer of Passive Immunity in Neonatal Dairy Calves. J. Vet Intern Med 2016;30:1381-1389.
- Calf Nutrition
- How Much Starter Grain Should a Pre-Weaned Dairy Calf be Eating? By Dale A Moore, Amber Adams-Progar, and William M Sischo. 2017 – FS288E
- Feeding Quality Non-salable (Waste) Milk to Dairy Calves.
- William M Sischo, Diana M Short, Mareen Geissler, Apichaya Bunyatratchata, and Daniela Barile. 2017. Comparative composition, diversity, and abundance of oligosaccharides in early lactation milk from commercial dairy and beef cows. doi: 10.3168/J. Dairy Science 100:1-10.
- H.K. Floren, W.M. Sischo, C. Crudo, and D.A. Moore. 2016. Use of a digital and an optical Brix refractometer to estimate total solids in milk replacer solutions for calves. J. Dairy Sci. 99:7517-7522.
- Housing and The Environment
Click on the ‘Start Course’ link below to access the desired course.
- Veterinarian and Dairy Advisor
- Producer – covers the literature on calf housing and environmental management – Start Course
- Dairy Employee – provides practical advice to calf-caretakers about calf environments
- 4-H – provides advice on clean and comfortable environments to optimize livestock health and wellbeing – Start Course
- Reducing Heat Stress in Hutch Calves (Spotlight 2012)
- Group Housing Preweaned Dairy Calves: Socialization versus Disease Transmission (Spotlight 2015)
- The Calf’s First Environment – The Maternity Pen (Spotlight 2010)
- Transportation of the Newborn to the Calf – Rearing Facility (Spotlight 2010)
- Hutches or Group Pens for Pre-Weaned Calves (Spotlight 2010)
- Effects of Hutch or Pen Environment on Pre–Weaned Calf Health, Welfare, and Performance (Spotlight 2010)
- Reducing Pathogen Load in the Calf Environment (Spotlight 2010)
- The Calf Environment and Caretaker Health (Spotlight 2010)
- Recommendations for Calf Housing (Spotlight 2010)
- Assessment Tool to Evaluate the Calf Environment (Spotlight 2010)
- Dairy Calves and Their Environment: Improving Health, Welfare, and Performance. This book is available for FREE as a downloadable PDF (11.3MB) from the WSU Extension Online Store:
- Housing and management characteristics of calf automated feeding systems in the Upper Midwest of the United States. Jorgensen MW, Janni K, Adams-Progar A, Chester-Jones H, Salfer JA, Endres MI. J Dairy Sci. 2017 Dec;100(12):9881-9891. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-12792. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
- Disease Detection, Treatment, and AMR
- Treatment of Calf Diarrhea for Calf Caretakers:
- Module 1 – Calf Diarrhea – What’s going on in the calf? (6 minutes 52 seconds)
- Module 2 – Treating Calf Diarrhea: When should I use an antibiotic or other medicine? (7 minutes 54 seconds)
- Ancillary Therapies for Calf Diarrhea: Medical Use of Activated Charcoal (Spotlight 2018)
- Ancillary Therapies for Calf Diarrhea: Medical Use of Bismuth (Spotlight 2018)
- Ancillary Therapies for Calf Diarrhea: Medical Use of Kaolin (Spotlight 2018)
- Moore, D.A., Olson, A., Adams-Progar, A., Berge, A.C.B., and Sischo, W.M. 2015. Do we really know how dairy treaters make decisions on which calf to treat? American Association of Bovine Practitioners 2015 Conference, New Orleans, LA.
- Mortality and health treatment rates of dairy calves in automated milk feeding systems in the Upper Midwest of the United States. Jorgensen MW, Adams-Progar A, de Passillé AM, Rushen J, Salfer JA, Endres MI. J Dairy Sci. 2017 Nov;100(11):9186-9193. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13198. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
- Factors associated with dairy calf health in automated feeding systems in the Upper Midwest United States. Jorgensen MW, Adams-Progar A, de Passillé AM, Rushen J, Godden SM, Chester-Jones H, Endres MI. J Dairy Sci. 2017 Jul;100(7):5675-5686. doi: 10.3168/jds.2016-12501. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
- Treatment of Calf Diarrhea for Calf Caretakers:
- Calf Behavior & Welfare
- Short communication: Predictors of time to dairy calf bucket training. Mandel C, Adams-Progar A, Sischo WM, Moore DA. J Dairy Sci. 2017 Dec;100(12):9769-9774. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13208. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
- Effects of repeated transport on Holstein calf post-transport behavior and feed intake. Adams-Progar AL, Friend TH, Holub GA, Krenek AJ, Garey SM, Terrill CL. J Anim Sci. 2015 Feb;93(2):731-6. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-7724.
- Record Keeping of Herd Health
- Visit The Good Health Records Program at http://vetextension.wsu.edu/research-projects/gdhr/
- Defining the Dairy’s Goals for Heifer Rearing (Spotlight 2016)
- Veterinary Oversight
- Tools for Evaluating Calf Rearing: The Calf Care Audit (Webinar Recording December 14, 2016) & PowerPoint slides with notes.
- Heifers: Begin With The End In Mind…
- Health Care Communication in Calf Rearing
- How to Evaluate Calf Care Communication
- Calf Care Audit
- Dairy Organizational Communication: Assessing the Structure. A guide on how to use the On-Farm Communication Evaluation Tool. By Drs. WM Sischo, C Crudo, and DA Moore.
- On-Farm Communication Evaluation Tool: Identifying Key Personnel and Educational Needs. Focus on Calf Health and Treatment Decisions.
- Calf Treatment for Diarrhea: Are the Drugs We Use Effective? (May 2015)
- Improving On-Farm Communication (February 2014 published in Bovine Veterinarian)
- New Antibiotic Resistance Gene in Washington Dairy Cattle (June 2014)
Funding for this work done over the years has come from the following grants: